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Land area and Distance Measurement Units used in Nepal

The kos is an ancient unit of distance measurement that has been in use for over three thousand years

In Nepal we use different units for measurement of land. In hilly regions we use Ropani-Ana-Paisa-Dam system while in Southern parts i.e. In Terai region we use Bhigha-Kattha-Dhur system. Here are the full list of measutement units that are commenly used in Nepal. In Nepal, some units of measurement are still used, although the metric system has been the official standard since 1968.

The kos is an ancient unit of distance measurement that has been in use for over three thousand years; evidence exists from Vedic times to the Mughal period, and even now elderly people in rural areas refer to distances from nearby areas in kos. A kos is about 2.25 miles. People spelled variously "Kos", "Kosh", "Krosh", and "Koss" when rendered in the Latin alphabet.


Butwal, Nepal
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Land area measurement

SPEAKING VALUE EQUIVALENT
1 Bigha (????) 20 Kattha (?????)
1 Bigha (????) 6772.63 m
1 Bigha (????) 72900 sq.ft.
1 Bigha (????) 13.31 Ropani
1 Katha (?????) 20 Dhur (???)
1 Katha (?????) 338.63 m
1 Katha (?????) 3645 sq.ft
1 Dhur (???) 16.93 m
1 Dhur (???) 182.25 sq.ft.
1 Ropani (?????) 16 aana (???)
1 Ropani (?????) 64 Paisa (????)
1 Ropani (?????) 508.72 m
1 Ropani (?????) 5476 sq.ft.
1 Ropani (?????) 256 Daam (???)
1 Ropani (?????) 4 Matomuri
1 Khetmuri 25 Ropani
1 Aana (???) 4 Paisa (????)
1 Aana (???) 31.80 m
1 Aana (???) 342.25 sq. ft
1 Aana (???) 16 Daam (???)
1 Paisa (????) 4 Daam (???)
1 Paisa (????) 7.95 m
1 Paisa (????) 85.56 sq. ft.
1 Daam (???) 1.99 m
1 Daam (???) 21.39 sq. ft.


Lenght measurement

SPEAKING VALUE EQUIVALENT EQUIVALENT
1 angul approx. 0.75 inch
4 angul 1 dharnugrah (bow grip) 3 in
8 angul 1 dhanurmushti (fist with thumb raised) 6 in
12 angul 1 vitastaa (span) 9 in
2 vittaa (cubit) 18 in
4 haath 1 dand or dhanush (bow) 6 ft
2000 dand 1 kos or Gorut 4000 yards or 2.25 miles
4 kosh 1 yojan 9 miles = 14.48 km


Conversions for Terai customary units

UNIT DIVISIONS IN SQUARE METERS IN SQUARE FEET
Dhur 16.93 square metres 182.25 square feet
Katha 20 Dhur 338.62 square metres 3,645 square feet
Bigha 20 Katha 6772.41 square metres 72,900 square feet

Conversions for Mountainous customary units

UNIT DIVISIONS IN SQUARE METERS IN SQUARE FEET
Dam 1.99 square metres 21.39 square feet
Paisa 4 Dam 7.95 square metres 85.56 square feet
Ana 4 Paisa 31.80 square metres 342.25 square feet
Ropani 16 Aana 508.74 square metres 5476 square feet



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