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Land area and Distance Measurement Units used in Nepal

Land area and Distance Measurement Units used in Nepal

THE KOS IS AN ANCIENT UNIT OF DISTANCE MEASUREMENT THAT HAS BEEN IN USE FOR OVER THREE THOUSAND YEARS

In Nepal we use different units for measurement of land. In hilly regions we use Ropani-Ana-Paisa-Dam system while in Southern parts i.e. In Terai region we use Bhigha-Kattha-Dhur system. Here are the full list of measurement units that are commonly used in Nepal. In Nepal, some units of measurement are still used, although the metric system has been the official standard since 1968.

The kos is an ancient unit of distance measurement that has been in use for over three thousand years; evidence exists from Vedic times to the Mughal period, and even now elderly people in rural areas refer to distances from nearby areas in kos. A kos is about 2.25 miles. People spelled variously “Kos”, “Kosh”, “Krosh”, and “Koss” when rendered in the Latin alphabet.

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Land area measurement

SPEAKING VALUEEQUIVALENT
1 Bigha ( बिघा ) 20 Kattha ( कट्ठा )
1 Bigha ( बिघा )6772.63 m. sq.
1 Bigha ( बिघा )72900 sq.ft.
1 Bigha ( बिघा )13.31 Ropani
1 Katha ( कट्ठा )20 Dhur (धुर )
1 Katha ( कट्ठा )338.63 m. sq.
1 Katha ( कट्ठा )3645 sq.ft
1 Dhur (धुर )16.93 m. sq.
1 Dhur (धुर ) 182.25 sq.ft.
1 Ropani ( रोपनी )16 aana ( आना )
1 Ropani ( रोपनी )64 Paisa (पैसा )
1 Ropani ( रोपनी )508.72 m. sq.
1 Ropani ( रोपनी )5476 sq.ft.
1 Ropani ( रोपनी )256 Daam ( दाम )
1 Ropani ( रोपनी ) बिघा दाम कट्ठा रोपनी 4 Matomuri (माटोमुरी)
1 Khetmuri ( खेतमुरी )25 Ropani ( रोपनी )
1 Aana ( आना )4 Paisa ( दाम )
1 Aana ( आना )31.80 m. sq.
1 Aana ( आना )342.25 sq. ft
1 Aana ( आना )16 Daam ( दाम )
1 Paisa (पैसा)4 Daam ( दाम )
1 Paisa (पैसा)7.95 m. sq.
1 Paisa (पैसा)85.56 sq. ft.
1 Daam ( दाम )1.99 m. sq.
1 Daam ( दाम )21.39 sq. ft.

Land area measurement in Nepal


Length measurement

SPEAKING VALUEEQUIVALENTEQUIVALENT
1 angulapprox. 0.75 inch
4 angul1 dharnugrah (bow grip)3 in
8 angul1 dhanurmushti (fist with thumb raised)6 in
12 angul1 vitastaa (span)9 in
2 vittaa (cubit)18 in
4 haath1 dand or dhanush (bow)6 ft
2000 dand1 kos or Gorut4000 yards or 2.25 miles
4 kosh1 yojan9 miles = 14.48 km

Conversions for Terai customary units

UNITDIVISIONSIN SQUARE METERSIN SQUARE FEET
Dhur16.93 square metres182.25 square feet
Katha20 Dhur338.62 square metres3,645 square feet
Bigha20 Katha6772.41 square metres72,900 square feet

Conversions for Mountainous customary units

UNITDIVISIONSIN SQUARE METERSIN SQUARE FEET
Dam1.99 square metres21.39 square feet
Paisa4 Dam7.95 square metres85.56 square feet
Ana4 Paisa31.80 square metres342.25 square feet
Ropani16 Aana508.74 square metres5476 square feet

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